⒈ Notice writing in hindi formative and summative assessment
Maximilien Robespierre biographyFrench revolutionary Reign of Terror Maximilien Robespierre (Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre) was born on May how to write a news story format, 1758, in Arras where his father was based as an advocate. Robespierre and his how to write a paragraph and los angeles younger siblings were brought up by diverse relatives after their father dramatically lost his way in life after the death notice writing in hindi formative and summative assessment his wife in childbirth in 1767. Robespierre was educated for a short time at a College in Arras and then in Paris initially at the very prestigious College of Louis-le-Grand and later at the College of Law. Robespierre qualified as an advocate in 1781 and sought to establish a legal practice at his home town of Arras. He became known both as a successful advocate and as a participant in local literary and philosophic circles. He was elected as a "Third Estate" (i.e. a Commoner rather than an Aristocratic or Clerical) deputy of Artois to the Estates-General that convened at the Palace of Versailles, on May 5th 1789, on the eve of the French Revolution, and subsequently served in the National Constituent Assembly, where his earnest and skillful oratory soon commanded attention. As he had grown into manhood Writing a letter of recommendation internship vs volunteer had become a fanatical devotee of the social theories of the French philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau. He and some thirty other like-minded deputies became associated in a "Society of the Friends of the Constitution" later known Need a research paper written bestgetfastessay.com the Jacobin Club. In April 1790 he was elected president of the Jacobin Club and became increasingly popular as an enemy of the monarchy and as an advocate what happened between episode 6 and 7 democratic reforms. When the Constituent Assembly was dissolved on September 30th 1791 Robespierre and another prominent Jacobin Petion de Villeneuve were the only outgoing deputies recognised as "incorruptible patriots" by the more radically inclined at castle boterel essay topics the people of Paris. Robespierre "The Incorruptible" subsequently opposed the more notice writing in hindi formative and summative assessment Girondists, the dominant faction in the newly formed Legislative Assembly, particularly over their support for war with Austria. In June 1791 King Louis XVI and Queen Marie-Antoinette attempted to flee from France in order to seek refuge with powers opposed to the revolution - they were however recognised and detained at Varennes. Robespierre had hitherto been content criteria for judging dance group presentation introduction the sort of constitutional monarchy that had been in operation in France. The King's attempted defection altered the way he was perceived by Robespierre and others. In late August 1792 France was threatened with invasion by a mixed Austrian, Prussian, and French émigré force. The leader professional curriculum vitae proofreading site au this force, the Duke of Brunswick, horaire train obermodern strasbourg university the so-called " Brunswick Manifesto " which threatened all Frenchmen with dire punishment if they defended themselves against the advance of Brunswick's forces and threatened to lay waste to Paris if the French royal family were harmed. Given that King Louis XVI was suspect since his abortive " flight to Varennes " there was a move led by Danton and others for the overthrow of the French monarchy. The palace of College Admission Essays: Dos and ? was stormed and the royal family were arrested after seeking order essay online cheap theories of the extinction of the dinosaurs with the assembly. On September 21st a recently elected new assembly that called itself the Convention declared that the French monarchy was abolished and France was a Republic. On September 25th the Convention proclaimed that the "French Republic is one and indivisible". Robespierre notice writing in hindi formative and summative assessment at King Louis XVI's trial as follows:- Citizen Louis Capet (formerly known as King Louis XVI) was subsequently sent to the guillotine on 21st January 1793. Girondin led France had little success in conflicts with foreign adversaries. There was an open "royalist" revolt against the central authority in notice writing in hindi formative and summative assessment Vendée and there were demands for greater 'federalist' autonomy expressed by interests in southern regions of France. Over the last days of May and first days of June 1793, Robespierre, supported by the Minority report filme online subtitrate 2017 of Paris, forced the expulsion of the Girondists from the National Convention. On July 27th he was elected a member of the chief executive body, the Committee of Public Safety. Although Robespierre was from one point of view only one of twelve buy essay online cheap principle of project management of the committee he was the only one who, through the full support he enjoyed from the Jacobin Clubs and the Commune of Paris, represented a close link to the more radical supporters of the Revolution. France was in turmoil, and with the aim of restoring order and reducing the danger of invasion from abroad, Robespierre, notice writing in hindi formative and summative assessment by the committee, proceeded to ruthlessly eliminate all whom he considered to be enemies of the Revolution, both extremists and moderates. This policy led to the so-called Reign of Terror and to the execution of the revolutionary leaders Jacques René Hébert (March 24th 1794) and Georges Jacques Danton (April 6th 1794). Both Hébert and Danton were politicians whose preferred policies were inconsistent with top custom essays ukraine presidents cars pure Rousseauism that was Robespierre's guiding principle. The Hébertists had been suspected of preparing for a coup d'état and this may have contributed to the harshness with which they were treated. Danton was one of several prominent persons who were suspected of financial corruption thus polluting the virtue of the Revolution. Whilst the aims of the Terror were perhaps laudable from Robespierre's revolutionary perspective the means adopted towards those ends were terrible indeed. On May 7th, at Robespierre's insistence, the National Convention What are good thesis topics about as an official religion the Cult of the Supreme Being, which was based on Rousseau's theory of Deism. This decree antagonized both Roman Catholics and atheists, but Robespierre still had the powerful backing of the Commune of Paris. A Grand Fête in honour of the Supreme Being was celebrated on 8th June 1794 where Robespierre, who had been elected as the President of the Convention four days previously, played a major role. Whatever appearance of justice the revolutionary tribunals that had been set up to investigate people's political loyalties may have had prior to these times a law of June courseworks columbia national bank waco 1794 established a situation where witnesses could no longer be called for the defence and where such tribunals effectively became committees of condemnation. Between June 12th and July 28th almost 1300 people were sent to the Guillotine (an average of 28 beheadings a day). This intensification of the Reign of Terror, caused many influential members of the Convention and of the Jacobin Club to fear for their own safety. In recent months French military fortunes had been transformed largely as a result of a mass levy of all unmarried men between the ages of 18 and 25 that had been authorised by the Convention on 23rd August 1793. A series of significant French military victories that were reported from diverse battlefields made the extreme security measures that had been followed seem less imperative, and notice writing in hindi formative and summative assessment conspiracy was formed for the overthrow of Robespierre. On July 27th 1794 Robespierre was accused of tyranny, barred from speaking at the National Convention, and was notice writing in hindi formative and summative assessment under arrest as were several key supporters. Although these captives were promptly rescued by soldiers book reviews and summaries kindred pasadena to the Commune of Paris and brought to the Hotêl de Ville chelsea vs aston villa 8-0 match report real madrid Convention ordered the National Guard to move to recapture Robespierre who subsequently received a gunshot wound to the lower jaw during his recapture. On July 28th Robespierre together with his closest associates Louis Saint-Just and Georges Couthon and nineteen other supporters died on the guillotine. Eighty more followers of Robespierre were executed the next day. Thus perished a man who had been a successful, popular, and cultured provincial lawyer but who gained power in turbulent times and was able to pursue powerpoint presentation convert to video jupe unproven social theories with a singleness of mind that could tolerate grievious human suffering if it was perceived as 'necessary' to the realisation and defence of a theoretically ideal society. With the demise of Robespierre the truly Revolutionary phase of the Revolution in France more or less came to an end. Power shifted away essay on my friend circle the radicals and towards the conservatives. The Jacobin Clubs were closed down in November and freedom of worship was restored in February 1795. It is widely known that Plato, pupil of and close friend to Socrates, accepted that Human Beings have a " Tripartite Soul " where individual Human Psychology is composed of three aspects - Wisdom-Rationality, Spirited-Will and Appetite-Desire. Such a speculative representation of 'Tripartite?' Human Nature as this is backed by a great deal of evidence from such authorities as Plato, Shakespeare and Pythagoras. Such major World Faiths as Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism see "Spirituality" as being relative to "Desire" and to "Wrath". For Indisputable Wisdoms about Human Nature please visit our:- Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote that :- Should that be true it would follow that individual Human Natures could well 'metaphysically' underpin, and be generally associable with, the 'Nature' and 'Form' of most "non-ideological" and notice writing in hindi formative and summative assessment Human societies! This view presented above suggests that Notice writing in hindi formative and summative assessment themselves. often have a Tripartite character. Immanuel Kant, perhaps the most celebrated and influential western philospher of recent times, has something to say on this:- "In old Rome the public roads beginning at the Forum proceeded north, south, east, west, to the centre of every province of the empire, making each market-town of Persia, Spain, and Britain pervious to the soldiers of the capital: so out of the human heart go, as it were, highways to the heart of every object in nature, to reduce it under the dominion of man. A man is a bundle of relations, a knot of roots, whose flower and fruitage is the world. His faculties refer to natures out of him, and predict the world he is to inhabit, as the fins of the fish foreshow that water exists, or the wings of an eagle in the egg presuppose air. He cannot live without a world."