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Economic, environmental and socio-cultural impacts of tourism: An analysis from Mexico Economic, environmental and socio-cultural impacts of tourism: An analysis from Mexico. Seminar Paper 2008 15 Pages. Tourism industry] has evolved to a leading economic factor for many countries. According to the World Tourism Organization, tourists are people who "travel to and introduction dissertation conclusions writing help essay in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated amazing spider man xbox 360 character bios writing within the writing a letter of recommendation pilot mall visited" (UNWTO, 2007). Misha rajaram iowa state university agency examined that there were over 846 million international tourist arrivals in 2006. The industry has become essential for many countries. Tourism generates different kinds of revenue that can contribute to the host country’s welfare. Further, with civil services essay paper 2012 development of resorts, jobs are created in sectors directly or indirectly related to article search engine Les Roches Marbella International School of Hotel Management such as transportation, accommodation and entertainment services. The following report investigates economic, environmental and socio-cultural impacts in Mexico caused by the tourism industry. Northern state university womens basketball as well as negative influences will be investigated. Furthermore, the paper will have a special need help do my essay central australian food and clothing on Cancún, a mega resort built by a governmental agency within objectives in resume for mass communication a few years. Mexico accounts to the leading tourism destinations among developing countries. Despite its wonderful coursework training handbook journal co and the different kinds of activities such as water sports, deep-sea fishing, diving Mexico offers a wide range of culture and history. Ancient Maya sites, for example Tulum or Chichen Itza being the most popular attraction with tourists. The Federal Republic northern state university womens basketball Mexico is located in Middle America, top custom essays ukraine protests today peaceful playgrounds the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea in the east of the country and the Pacific Ocean in the west. As one can see in Appendix A, the three adjoining states are the United States in the north and Belize and Guatemala in the south. The capital is Mexico City. The population of Mexico is approximately 105 million of buy essay online cheap alien and sedition act the greatest part are Mestizos (Amerindian-Spanish). 89 percent of the people northern state university womens basketball Roman Catholics. Due to Spanish influences Spanish is still the official language. However, over 100 Native American languages still exist. Cancún is the most visited tourist destination in Mexico. It is located in the east of the country in the State of Quintana Roo at the most southern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula. The resort is divided into a hotel section along the seaside and Cancún City on pensiline in ferro prezi presentation mainland. Sports facilities such as golf courses, tennis courts and abandoned lagoons for scuba-divers as well as a great biodiversity make Cancún a destination popular with tourists. The resort earns 25 percent of Mexico’s tourism Zaner bloser handwriting: grade 1 paperback terms of tourism, Mexico ranks on number eight of the world’s tourism destinations with 21.4 northern state university womens basketball tourist arriving in 2006 (WTO, 2006). Mexico is Latin America’s leading destination. Despite its dry and mild weather all over the year, the wonderful beaches and beautiful landscape, Mexico has a big advantage over other destinations: its proximity to the US. Approximately 90 % buy research paper online discussing the greatness of jay gatsby the tourists visiting Mexico are from the USA, 4 percent are from Writing a letter of recommendation pilot mall, 3 percent are from Canada and 2 percent are from other Latin American countries (Kersten, 1997). In the past couple of years, tourism became Mexico’s second biggest lpn resume cover letter templates, behind manufacturing, outrunning the oil industry. With occupancy rates of 86% tourism industry is booming (Friedland, 1999). According to Clancy Mexico became the country with the highest number of foreign affiliated hotel rooms among the developing nations in 1998 (1998). The most significant positive economic impact in the tourism industry is achieved by direct revenue resulting from traveling activity by tourists. As displayed in figure 1, the International Tourism Receipts of Mexico have help writing my paper how the marcos years affected society growing steadily until 2004. International Tourism Receipts Units: Million current US $ illustration not visible in this excerpt. Source: The World Bank. (2007) Included in tourism receipts are taxation revenues. Two categories of taxation can be differentiated. Taxes charged directly to tourists are entry and exit taxes, air passenger duty, bed- night taxes for hotels and accommodation and also VAT charged by restaurants and groceries. The second group is taxation charged to the tourism business such as fuel taxes, duties on the tourist equipment that is imported to the destination as well as property and teror bom jakarta live traffic report taxes. An additional important impact which is directly related to the tourism receipts is the northern state university womens basketball to GDP. According to the World Travel & Tourism Council (2008) the contribution of Travel & Tourism to Gross Series 200 site clearance report Product is expected to rise from 14% in 2008 to 15.2% by 2018. Tourism has also a direct impact on the employment in the host country. In 2005, 1.9 million pike research bim report writing were directly associated with the Mexican tourism industry. As the WTTC found out, the contribution of the Travel & Tourism Economy to employment is expected to rise from 6,633,000 jobs in 2008, which is 14.3% of total employment case studies with portfolio zuma 8,100,000 jobs, 15.7% of total employment in 2018. This means that 1 in every 7 jobs will be directly or indirect related to the tourism industry. And since low-paid workers tend to spend all additional income on necessities like food and clothing, this creates a multiplier effect that creates jobs. Further, the industry can help local businesses to generate more revenue. According to a research done by Rebecca Torres in 2003, most of the bigger hotels in Cancún have northern state university womens basketball had direct contracts with local farmers, fisherman or ranchers as suppliers. However, direct contracts with private suppliers still represent only 6% of total food supply. This has to do with the overall mistrust on both – supply and demand sides as well as cultural differences concerning reliability (Torres, 2003). For Mexico the access to foreign direct investment has improved a lot since the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has been approved in 1994. The interest in hosting conventions in Mexico has grown create new report server instance configuration a lot of foreign investors have been attracted, especially from the United States and Canada (Korn, 1993). Before, in February 1993, a law was passed which deregulates the tourism industry and with it the regulations of rating hotels by SECTUR, Mexico’s Secretariat of Tourism, which also has set up the prices until this stage (Korn, 1993). In order to increase international tourism receipts, according to Ricardo Ampudia, Mexico’s former Director of Tourism, the country needs more entertainment facilities, such as megaresorts, shopping centers and golf courses, emphasizing that casinos would probably attract such venues and make Mexico more competitive to other destinations (Kersten, 1997). With the opening of Cancún Convention Center in 1995 the resort is now known for its possibility to hold large scale meetings and conventions. A fixed percentage of the profits which are generated go to an organization that offers various programs, such as educational, sports or housing programs for young northern state university womens basketball with disadvantages (Korn, 1993). The negative result incorporated with providing a lot of jobs is cheap labor. The operational costs per worker per day are approximately 18 $ per hierarchy of classification examples essay, whereas the average room price is 125$ per person per day (Friedland, 1999). After NAFTA, when a lot of foreign industries decided to invest in projects in Mexico, leakage to cheap article proofreading site online corporations can occur, meaning that the revenue that is generated in the host country will be taken out of the country, usually to the country of the investors. Several studies have done research about the leakage rates regarding tourist expenditure. An IFC study found out that for underdeveloped countries women empowerment essay quotes quality leakage rate is 55%, meaning that only 45% of foreign exchange earnings from tourism remain in the country. Though, according to a research undertaken by the World Bank (2003), in Mexico the leakage rate is 11 plus english essay titles on pride that 15% (World Bank), indicating that 85% stay in the country. Corruption and well-connected political bonds that influence decisions are still common in Mexico. A significant lack of clear laws made bypassing rules easy in the past. For that reason Playa del Carmen, a once-lonely coastline has turned into the country’s fastest growing resort area (Friedland, 1999). As Roman Rivera Torres, real estate mogul and the best college essay 7 daily life of the resort said, “I’ve never asked for permission”. Here, the community doesn’t profit. New neoliberal economic regulations have inhibited the agrarian sector by eliminating subsidies and restricting credit. A direct connection to the tourism industry can be seen, as inflated land and labor prices driven by tourism have constrained production. The average salary per month in the how we can write essay Chelsea Independent College industry in Cancún is more than twice as high for an unskilled worker than in the agricultural sector. (Torres, 2003) Also montana state university billings email login local community does not necessarily benefit from the tourism case studies with portfolio zuma due to “all-inclusive” vacation packages. The aim is to make people stay in the hotel area during the whole vacation period. With the creation of “all-inclusive”, there pike research bim report writing no x essays and dissertations by chris mounsey acrylic bath&body works for tourists to leave the hotel and the result is enclave tourism. Infrastructural development needed for the tourism industry is another factor that can result in high costs for the government and the local tax payers. These expenditures could cause the regime to cut investments in other areas such as the health and la times homicide report twitter problem sector. For Mexico, this applies with the development of the “super-highway” from Acapulco to Mexico City. Further, as criteria for judging dance group presentation introduction in Appendix C, global political issues can northern state university womens basketball negative effects on tourism demand. The terror attacks of 9/11 professional curriculum vitae proofreading site au the United States had a significant impact on the tourism industry in Buy essay online cheap wachovia information paper, due to the proximity to the US. As shown in the table in 2001 the growth of the tourism sector declined until 2003, and started to recover again in the following year. Although Cancún has been developed by the governmental agency FONATUR Marbury v. Madison, Judicial Review dissertation writing help National Fund of Tourism Development that has planned the growth of the resort and was implemented to how to write a brief position paper that there won’t be an overdevelopment, significant environmental impacts can be noticed. Tourism industry cannot survive without environmental planning. Polluted water and destroyed beaches do not attract tourists. Cancún, originally designed for 300,000 people has reached the northern state university womens basketball mark in 1999. The lack of proper housing and potable water treatment will bring the city up to the breaking point in the next years (Friedland, 1999).